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Materiomics: biological protein materials, from nano to macro

Overview of attention for article published in Nanotechnology Science and Applications, November 2010
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Mentioned by

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2 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

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55 Dimensions

Readers on

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149 Mendeley
Title
Materiomics: biological protein materials, from nano to macro
Published in
Nanotechnology Science and Applications, November 2010
DOI 10.2147/nsa.s9037
Pubmed ID
Authors

Markus J. Buehler, Cranford

Abstract

Materiomics is an emerging field of science that provides a basis for multiscale material system characterization, inspired in part by natural, for example, protein-based materials. Here we outline the scope and explain the motivation of the field of materiomics, as well as demonstrate the benefits of a materiomic approach in the understanding of biological and natural materials as well as in the design of de novo materials. We discuss recent studies that exemplify the impact of materiomics - discovering Nature's complexity through a materials science approach that merges concepts of material and structure throughout all scales and incorporates feedback loops that facilitate sensing and resulting structural changes at multiple scales. The development and application of materiomics is illustrated for the specific case of protein-based materials, which constitute the building blocks of a variety of biological systems such as tendon, bone, skin, spider silk, cells, and tissue, as well as natural composite material systems (a combination of protein-based and inorganic constituents) such as nacre and mollusk shells, and other natural multiscale systems such as cellulose-based plant and wood materials. An important trait of these materials is that they display distinctive hierarchical structures across multiple scales, where molecular details are exhibited in macroscale mechanical responses. Protein materials are intriguing examples of materials that balance multiple tasks, representing some of the most sustainable material solutions that integrate structure and function despite severe limitations in the quality and quantity of material building blocks. However, up until now, our attempts to analyze and replicate Nature's materials have been hindered by our lack of fundamental understanding of these materials' intricate hierarchical structures, scale-bridging mechanisms, and complex material components that bestow protein-based materials their unique properties. Recent advances in analytical tools and experimental methods allow a holistic view of such a hierarchical biological material system. The integration of these approaches and amalgamation of material properties at all scale levels to develop a complete description of a material system falls within the emerging field of materiomics. Materiomics is the result of the convergence of engineering and materials science with experimental and computational biology in the context of natural and synthetic materials. Through materiomics, fundamental advances in our understanding of structure-property-process relations of biological systems contribute to the mechanistic understanding of certain diseases and facilitate the development of novel biological, biologically inspired, and completely synthetic materials for applications in medicine (biomaterials), nanotechnology, and engineering.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 149 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 3 2%
United States 2 1%
United Kingdom 2 1%
Ireland 1 <1%
Australia 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Colombia 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
India 1 <1%
Other 2 1%
Unknown 134 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 42 28%
Researcher 29 19%
Student > Master 16 11%
Professor 14 9%
Student > Bachelor 10 7%
Other 23 15%
Unknown 15 10%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Engineering 33 22%
Materials Science 27 18%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 16 11%
Chemistry 12 8%
Medicine and Dentistry 8 5%
Other 31 21%
Unknown 22 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 November 2013.
All research outputs
#13,879,223
of 21,353,728 outputs
Outputs from Nanotechnology Science and Applications
#46
of 57 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#122,448
of 211,000 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Nanotechnology Science and Applications
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 21,353,728 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 57 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.7. This one is in the 19th percentile – i.e., 19% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 211,000 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 39th percentile – i.e., 39% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them