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Single nucleotide polymorphism 1623 A/G (rs180195) in the promoter of the Thyroglobulin gene is associated with autoimmune thyroid disease but not with thyroid ophthalmopathy

Overview of attention for article published in Clinical Ophthalmology, July 2017
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Title
Single nucleotide polymorphism 1623 A/G (rs180195) in the promoter of the Thyroglobulin gene is associated with autoimmune thyroid disease but not with thyroid ophthalmopathy
Published in
Clinical Ophthalmology, July 2017
DOI 10.2147/opth.s136070
Pubmed ID
Authors

Hooshang Lahooti, Senarath Edirimanne, John Walsh, Leigh Delbridge, Emily Hibbert, Jack Wall

Abstract

Our studies over recent years have focused on some new ideas concerning the pathogenesis for the orbital reaction that characterizes Graves' ophthalmopathy namely, that there are antigens expressed by thyroid tissue and orbital tissue where they are targeted by autoantibodies and/or sensitized T cells, leading to orbital inflammation. While this has been well studied for the thyroid stimulating hormone-receptor, the possible role of another major thyroid antigen, Thyroglobulin (TG), has been largely ignored. We identified novel variant 1623 A/G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs180195) in the promoter of TG gene associated with autoimmune thyroid disorders. We genotyped the TG SNPs rs2069566, rs2076739, rs121912646, rs121912647, rs121912648, rs121912649, rs121912650, rs137854433, rs137854434, and rs180195 by MassARRAY SNP analysis using iPLEX technology in a cohort of 529 patients with thyroid autoimmunity with and without ophthalmopathy, and controls. We showed that variant 1623 A/G SNP (rs180195) in the promoter of TG gene is a marker for thyroid autoimmunity, but not for ophthalmopathy. We showed that there was a significant difference in the distribution of the major allele (G) vs minor allele (A) in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). In HT the wild-type (GG) genotype was less common. We showed that the genotypes homozygous AA and heterozygous GA rs180195 SNP in the promoter of TG gene were more closely associated with thyroid autoimmunity than the wild-type (GG) polymorphism, and are thus, markers of autoimmunity. rs180195 SNP was previously identified by Stefan et al independently of us, who showed that this TG SNP predisposed to autoimmune thyroid diseases. However, this is the first study to explore the association between TG SNPs and HT. Our findings support the notion that the thyroid and orbital disorders are not part of the same disease, ie, "Graves' disease" or "Hashimoto's disease", but separate autoimmune disorders.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 15 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 15 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Doctoral Student 2 13%
Student > Master 2 13%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 7%
Student > Bachelor 1 7%
Other 1 7%
Other 2 13%
Unknown 6 40%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 20%
Psychology 2 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 13%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 7%
Immunology and Microbiology 1 7%
Other 1 7%
Unknown 5 33%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 August 2017.
All research outputs
#9,600,876
of 15,094,354 outputs
Outputs from Clinical Ophthalmology
#1,053
of 2,064 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#158,814
of 271,313 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Clinical Ophthalmology
#13
of 21 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,094,354 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,064 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.6. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 271,313 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 21 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 28th percentile – i.e., 28% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.