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Coinfections with hepatitis B and C virus and syphilis among HIV-infected clients in Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Overview of attention for article published in HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.), December 2017
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2 tweeters

Citations

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22 Mendeley
Title
Coinfections with hepatitis B and C virus and syphilis among HIV-infected clients in Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
Published in
HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.), December 2017
DOI 10.2147/hiv.s150795
Pubmed ID
Authors

Techalew Shimelis, Yayheyirad Tassachew, Agete Tadewos, Mesfin Worku Hordofa, Anteneh Amsalu, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Endale Tadesse

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are hepatotropic viruses of public health significance worldwide. Despite their severe clinical impact in HIV-infected patients, there is inadequate information regarding the epidemiology of hepatitis/HIV coinfections in Ethiopia. Thus, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of HBV and HCV infections among HIV-infected patients at a tertiary hospital in Southern Ethiopia. Stored sera, which were originally collected for the investigation of syphilis among HIV-infected clients, were analyzed in this study. Samples were tested for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis B core antigen using rapid diagnostic tests. Those samples that tested positive for HBsAg were further analyzed for hepatitis B e antigen. All sera were tested for antibody to HCV infection using rapid diagnostic test. HBsAg was positive for 6.3% of the participants; of whom, 10% were positive for hepatitis B e antigen. The exposure rates to HBV (antibody to hepatitis B core antigen) and HCV (anti-HCV) infections were 22.4 and 3.1%, respectively. The rates of coinfections with HBV-syphilis, HCV-syphilis, and HBV-HCV were found to be 3.1, 0.6, and 1.3%, respectively. HBV exposure rate was significantly higher among participants in the age range 40-49 years (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.98; 95% CI, 1.01-3.88) and those who had a CD4+ T cell count <200 cells/μL (AOR, 2.40; 95% CI, 1.13-5.10) and 200-349 cells/μL (AOR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.28-4.35). The rates of HBV and HCV infections were found to be similar to other subpopulations in Ethiopia. Age and CD4+ T cell level influenced the rate of HBV exposure. As human immunodeficiency virus-hepatitis coinfections are clinically consequential in people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, the need to screen this population for HBV and HCV infections is critically important.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 22 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 22 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Postgraduate 4 18%
Student > Master 4 18%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 14%
Student > Bachelor 2 9%
Lecturer 1 5%
Other 2 9%
Unknown 6 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 8 36%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 14%
Unspecified 1 5%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 5%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 1 5%
Other 1 5%
Unknown 7 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 31 January 2018.
All research outputs
#11,224,831
of 14,158,567 outputs
Outputs from HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.)
#138
of 189 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#286,204
of 398,593 outputs
Outputs of similar age from HIV/AIDS (Auckland, N.Z.)
#3
of 3 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,158,567 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 189 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.7. This one is in the 12th percentile – i.e., 12% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 398,593 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 16th percentile – i.e., 16% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 3 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one.