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The clinical basis of orthorexia nervosa: emerging perspectives

Overview of attention for article published in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, February 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#7 of 2,987)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
38 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
twitter
60 tweeters
facebook
5 Facebook pages
wikipedia
2 Wikipedia pages
video
3 video uploaders

Citations

dimensions_citation
270 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
601 Mendeley
Title
The clinical basis of orthorexia nervosa: emerging perspectives
Published in
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, February 2015
DOI 10.2147/ndt.s61665
Pubmed ID
Authors

Nancy Koven, Alexandra Abry

Abstract

Orthorexia nervosa describes a pathological obsession with proper nutrition that is characterized by a restrictive diet, ritualized patterns of eating, and rigid avoidance of foods believed to be unhealthy or impure. Although prompted by a desire to achieve optimum health, orthorexia may lead to nutritional deficiencies, medical complications, and poor quality of life. Despite its being a distinct behavioral pattern that is frequently observed by clinicians, orthorexia has received very little empirical attention and is not yet formally recognized as a psychiatric disorder. In this review, we synthesize existing research to identify what is known about the symptoms, prevalence, neuropsychological profile, and treatment of orthorexia. An examination of diagnostic boundaries reveals important points of symptom overlap between orthorexia and anorexia nervosa, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), somatic symptom disorder, illness anxiety disorder, and psychotic spectrum disorders. Neuropsychological data suggest that orthorexic symptoms are independently associated with key facets of executive dysfunction for which some of these conditions already overlap. Discussion of cognitive weaknesses in set-shifting, external attention, and working memory highlights the value of continued research to identify intermediate, transdiagnostic endophenotypes for insight into the neuropathogenesis of orthorexia. An evaluation of current orthorexia measures indicates a need for further psychometric development to ensure that subsequent research has access to reliable and valid assessment tools. Optimized assessment will not only permit a clearer understanding of prevalence rates, psychosocial risk factors, and comorbid psychopathology but will also be needed to index intervention effectiveness. Though the field lacks data on therapeutic outcomes, current best practices suggest that orthorexia can successfully be treated with a combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, and medication.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 60 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 601 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 2 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
Australia 1 <1%
Czechia 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
New Zealand 1 <1%
Unknown 593 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 123 20%
Student > Master 106 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 57 9%
Researcher 34 6%
Other 32 5%
Other 117 19%
Unknown 132 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 153 25%
Nursing and Health Professions 90 15%
Medicine and Dentistry 75 12%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 26 4%
Unspecified 26 4%
Other 76 13%
Unknown 155 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 352. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 23 May 2022.
All research outputs
#76,082
of 22,870,727 outputs
Outputs from Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
#7
of 2,987 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#894
of 352,799 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
#1
of 57 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,870,727 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,987 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 8.6. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 352,799 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 57 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.