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Distribution and resistance of pathogens in liver transplant recipients with Acinetobacter baumannii infection

Overview of attention for article published in Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, March 2015
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17 Mendeley
Title
Distribution and resistance of pathogens in liver transplant recipients with Acinetobacter baumannii infection
Published in
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, March 2015
DOI 10.2147/tcrm.s82251
Pubmed ID
Authors

Qiquan Wan, Fei Gao, Qifa Ye, Shan Liu, Jiandang Zhou

Abstract

Drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major problem in liver transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical presentation, distribution, and drug susceptibility characteristics in liver recipients with A. baumannii infection. We retrospectively investigated 17 liver recipients who developed A. baumannii infection between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014. The distribution of A. baumannii and drug susceptibility characteristics were reviewed. Infectious complications due to A. baumannii appeared in 17 liver recipients, with a total of 24 episodes. Approximately 63% (15/24) of A. baumannii infections occurred within 2 weeks after transplantation. The most common source of infection was multiple culture-positive sites (35.3%, n=6), followed by the intra-abdominal/biliary tract (23.5%, n=4) and lung (23.5%, n=4). Eight patients (47.1%) had a body temperature of 38°C or higher at the onset of A. baumannii infection. Nine, seven, and 12 recipients had a serum creatinine level of >1.5 mg/dL, a white blood cell count of >15,000/mm(3), and a platelet count of <50,000/mm(3), respectively. There were five (29.4%) cases of septic shock and eight (47.1%) deaths. The rate of antibiotic resistance of A. baumannii to ten of 12 antibiotics investigated was more than 60%. Among the 24 infections caused by A. baumannii, 75% were carbapenem-resistant. The rods were relatively sensitive to tigecycline and cefoperazone-sulbactam. The clinical manifestations of A. baumannii infection included a high body temperature, a decreased platelet count, an elevated white blood cell count, and onset in the early period after transplantation as well as high mortality. The antibiotic resistance rate of A. baumannii was extremely high. Prevention measures and combination antibiotic therapy are needed to improve the outcomes of liver recipients with A. baumannii infections.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 17 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 17 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 6 35%
Researcher 4 24%
Student > Bachelor 2 12%
Other 2 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 12%
Other 1 6%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 13 76%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 6%
Unknown 2 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 April 2015.
All research outputs
#9,993,257
of 12,485,238 outputs
Outputs from Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
#763
of 922 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#161,148
of 232,686 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
#24
of 29 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,485,238 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 922 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.1. This one is in the 7th percentile – i.e., 7% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 232,686 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 17th percentile – i.e., 17% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 29 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 10th percentile – i.e., 10% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.