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Intelligence quotient discrepancy indicates levels of motor competence in preschool children at risk for developmental delays

Overview of attention for article published in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, February 2016
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2 tweeters
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1 Facebook page

Citations

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7 Dimensions

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33 Mendeley
Title
Intelligence quotient discrepancy indicates levels of motor competence in preschool children at risk for developmental delays
Published in
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, February 2016
DOI 10.2147/ndt.s101155
Pubmed ID
Authors

Li-Chen Tung, Tzu-Ying Yu, Kuan-Lin Chen, Willy Chou, Shu-Han Yang, Sheng-Chun Kung, Ya-Chen Lee

Abstract

This study aimed to establish 1) whether a group difference exists in the motor competence of preschool children at risk for developmental delays with intelligence quotient discrepancy (IQD; refers to difference between verbal intelligence quotient [VIQ] and performance intelligence quotient [PIQ]) and 2) whether an association exists between IQD and motor competence. Children's motor competence and IQD were determined with the motor subtests of the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence™ - Fourth Edition. A total of 291 children were included in three groups: NON-IQD (n=213; IQD within 1 standard deviation [SD]), VIQ>PIQ (n=39; VIQ>PIQ greater than 1 SD), and PIQ>VIQ (n=39; PIQ>VIQ greater than 1 SD). The results of one-way analysis of variance indicated significant differences among the subgroups for the "Gross and fine motor" subdomains of the Comprehensive Developmental Inventory for Infants and Toddlers, especially on the subtests of "body-movement coordination" (F=3.87, P<0.05) and "visual-motor coordination" (F=6.90, P<0.05). Motor competence was significantly worse in the VIQ>PIQ group than in the NON and PIQ>VIQ groups. Significant negative correlations between IQD and most of the motor subtests (r=0.31-0.46, P<0.01) were found only in the VIQ>PIQ group. This study demonstrates that 1) IQD indicates the level of motor competence in preschoolers at risk for developmental delays and 2) IQD is negatively associated with motor competence in preschoolers with significant VIQ>PIQ discrepancy. The first finding was that preschoolers with VIQ>PIQ discrepancy greater than 1 SD performed significantly worse on motor competence than did preschoolers without significant IQD and preschoolers with PIQ>VIQ discrepancy greater than 1 SD. However, preschoolers with significant PIQ>VIQ discrepancy performed better on motor competence than did preschoolers without significant IQD, though the difference was not statistically significant. The second finding was that preschoolers with larger VIQ>PIQ discrepancy had worse motor competence in visual-motor integration and body-movement coordination. Professionals should pay attention to the motor development of children with VIQ>PIQ discrepancy and evaluate children's IQD along with their motor competence.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 33 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 33 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 10 30%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 9%
Student > Postgraduate 3 9%
Student > Bachelor 3 9%
Other 5 15%
Unknown 6 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 7 21%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 12%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 9%
Social Sciences 3 9%
Neuroscience 3 9%
Other 4 12%
Unknown 9 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 February 2016.
All research outputs
#8,768,645
of 14,533,317 outputs
Outputs from Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
#1,251
of 2,427 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#134,188
of 267,823 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
#64
of 75 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,533,317 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,427 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.0. This one is in the 41st percentile – i.e., 41% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 267,823 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 75 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 9th percentile – i.e., 9% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.