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Alterations in oral microbial flora induced by waterpipe tobacco smoking

Overview of attention for article published in International Journal of General Medicine, February 2018
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Mentioned by

twitter
2 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

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4 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
17 Mendeley
Title
Alterations in oral microbial flora induced by waterpipe tobacco smoking
Published in
International Journal of General Medicine, February 2018
DOI 10.2147/ijgm.s150553
Pubmed ID
Authors

Muhamad Ali Shakhatreh, Omar Khabour, Karem Alzoubi, Majed Masadeh, Emad Hussein, George Bshara

Abstract

Waterpipe smoking is a global health problem and a serious public concern. Little is known about the effects of waterpipe smoking on oral health. In the current study, we examined the alterations of oral microbial flora by waterpipe smoking. One hundred adult healthy subjects (59 waterpipe smokers and 41 non-smokers) were recruited into the study. Swabs were taken from the oral cavity and subgingival regions. Standard culturing techniques were used to identify types, frequency, and mean number of microorganisms in cultures obtained from the subjects. It was notable that waterpipe smokers were significantly associated with a history of oral infections. In subgingiva,AcinetobacterandMoraxellaspecies were present only in waterpipe smokers. In addition, the frequency ofCandida albicanswas higher in the subgingiva of waterpipe smokers (p= 0.023) while the frequency ofFusobacterium nucleatumwas significantly lower in the subgingiva of waterpipe smokers (p= 0.036). However, no change was observed in other tested bacteria, such asCampylobacterspecies; Viridans group streptococci,Enterobacteriaceae, andStaphylococcus aureus. In oral cavity and when colony-forming units were considered, the only bacterial species that showed significant difference were the black-pigmented bacteria (p< 0.001). This study provides evidence indicating that some of the oral microflora is significantly altered by waterpipe smoking.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 17 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 17 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 3 18%
Professor 2 12%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 12%
Unspecified 2 12%
Student > Postgraduate 2 12%
Other 6 35%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Unspecified 4 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 24%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 24%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 18%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 6%
Other 1 6%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 April 2018.
All research outputs
#7,756,469
of 13,786,654 outputs
Outputs from International Journal of General Medicine
#191
of 437 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#134,275
of 273,418 outputs
Outputs of similar age from International Journal of General Medicine
#3
of 8 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,786,654 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 437 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 8.8. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 54% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 273,418 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 49th percentile – i.e., 49% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 8 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than 5 of them.