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The role of tryptase and anti-type II collagen antibodies in the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membranes

Overview of attention for article published in Clinical Ophthalmology, June 2015
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Title
The role of tryptase and anti-type II collagen antibodies in the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membranes
Published in
Clinical Ophthalmology, June 2015
DOI 10.2147/opth.s82015
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tsunehiko Ikeda, Kimitoshi Nakamura, Hidehiro Oku, Seita Morishita, Masanori Fukumoto, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Teruyo Kida, Taeko Horie, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Shinji Takai

Abstract

To investigate the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) from a biochemical perspective, the relationships between ERM and tryptase activity, a serine protease, and the levels of anti-type II collagen (anti-IIC) antibodies in the serum. Vitreous samples for measurement of tryptase activity were obtained from 54 eyes of 54 patients who underwent a vitrectomy for vitreoretinal disease, ie, 14 eyes of 14 patients with idiopathic macular hole, 14 eyes of 14 patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), 13 eyes of 13 patients with ERM, and 13 eyes of 13 patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Tryptase activity was measured by spectrophotometry. Anti-IIC antibodies were measured in the serum obtained from 17 patients with ERM, eight patients who underwent cataract surgery, 12 patients with PDR, and nine patients with RRD. In these 46 patients, the anti-IIC antibodies were measured using a Human/Monkey Anti-Type I and Type II Collagen IgG Assay Kit. Vitreal tryptase activity (mean ± standard deviation [SD]) in macular hole, PDR, ERM, and RRD was 0.0146±0.0053, 0.0018±0.0018, 0.0166±0.0046, and 0.0117±0.0029 mU/mg protein, respectively. Vitreal tryptase activity was significantly higher in macular hole and ERM than in PDR and RRD (P<0.05, Fisher's protected least significant difference). The serum levels of anti-IIC immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody (mean ± SD) in ERM, cataract surgery, PDR, and RRD were 58.222±30.986, 34.890±18.165, 55.760±26.008, and 35.453±12.769 units/mL, respectively. The serum levels of anti-IIC IgG antibody were significantly higher in ERM and PDR than in cataract surgery and RRD (P<0.05, Fisher's protected least significant difference, two-sided). In the pathogenesis of ERM, increased vitreal tryptase activity may be involved in tissue fibrosis, and elevated serum anti-IIC antibodies may lead to an immune response at the vitreoretinal interface, thus resulting in membrane formation.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 7 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 7 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 14%
Lecturer 1 14%
Student > Bachelor 1 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 14%
Student > Master 1 14%
Other 1 14%
Unknown 1 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 3 43%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 29%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 14%
Unknown 1 14%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 30 June 2015.
All research outputs
#11,106,108
of 12,488,808 outputs
Outputs from Clinical Ophthalmology
#1,432
of 1,597 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#194,437
of 236,087 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Clinical Ophthalmology
#96
of 97 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,488,808 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,597 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.2. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 236,087 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 97 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.