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Use of electroporation and reverse iontophoresis for extraction of transdermal multibiomarkers

Overview of attention for article published in International Journal of Nanomedicine, February 2012
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  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

twitter
1 tweeter

Citations

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11 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
22 Mendeley
Title
Use of electroporation and reverse iontophoresis for extraction of transdermal multibiomarkers
Published in
International Journal of Nanomedicine, February 2012
DOI 10.2147/ijn.s27421
Pubmed ID
Authors

Congo Tak-Sing Ching, Fu, Sun, Hsiang

Abstract

Monitoring of biomarkers, like urea, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and osteopontin, is very important because they are related to kidney disease, prostate cancer, and ovarian cancer, respectively. It is well known that reverse iontophoresis can enhance transdermal extraction of small molecules, and even large molecules if reverse iontophoresis is used together with electroporation. Electroporation is the use of a high-voltage electrical pulse to create nanochannels within the stratum corneum, temporarily and reversibly. Reverse iontophoresis is the use of a small current to facilitate both charged and uncharged molecule transportation across the skin. The objectives of this in vitro study were to determine whether PSA and osteopontin are extractable transdermally and noninvasively and whether urea, PSA, and osteopontin can be extracted simultaneously by electroporation and reverse iontophoresis.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 22 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Italy 1 5%
Unknown 21 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 5 23%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 18%
Student > Master 3 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 9%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 9%
Other 2 9%
Unknown 4 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Engineering 4 18%
Chemistry 4 18%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 14%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 9%
Physics and Astronomy 1 5%
Other 3 14%
Unknown 5 23%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 22 February 2012.
All research outputs
#9,957,198
of 12,438,331 outputs
Outputs from International Journal of Nanomedicine
#1,918
of 2,456 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#85,890
of 120,428 outputs
Outputs of similar age from International Journal of Nanomedicine
#43
of 78 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,438,331 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,456 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.0. This one is in the 12th percentile – i.e., 12% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 120,428 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 14th percentile – i.e., 14% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 78 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 33rd percentile – i.e., 33% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.